Detlev Rohwer
Hauptmann
 
Detlev Rohwer
 
    Detlev Rohwer was born on 14 November 1917 at Kiel. At the outbreak of World War 2, Rohwer was serving with JG 3. Leutnant Rohwer was assigned to the Stabsstaffel of I./JG 3. He participated in the French campaign and claimed his first victory on 6 June 1940, when he shot down a RAF Blenheim twin-engine bomber. During the Battle of Britain, Rohwer added three RAF fighters to his victory total. However on 2 September 1940, during a covering mission over Manston, his Bf 109 E was hit in the radiator in aerial combat with RAF Hurricane fighters. He was forced to ditch in the sea just off the coast of France. Fortunately he was observed doing so by several of his colleagues and a motorboat was able to rescue him. Rohwer was fortunate to escape injury on 16 November, when he ground-looped on take-off from St Omer in Bf 109 E-7 (W.Nr. 3760). Rohwer participated in the invasion of Russia. He claimed three Russian twin-engine bombers shot down on 26 June 1941, to record his sixth through eighth victories. Rohwer recorded his 10th victory on 29 June, when he shot down two Russian Pe-2 twin-engine bombers near Ostrow. He recorded 10 victories in July, including three victories on 13 July (14-16) and 16 July (17-19) and his 20th victory on 31 July. However, he was also shot down twice in July: on 9 July his Bf 109 F-2 (W.Nr. 5449) was damaged in aerial combat necessitating a forced-landing near Dolbov with Rohwer receiving minor injuries; on 16 July, his Bf 109 F-2 (W.Nr. 8187) “Black < +” suffered radiator damage in aerial combat with Russian SB-2 twin-engine bombers which also resulted in a forced-landing, this time near Kazatin. Rohwer was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 5 October for 28 victories. He had also claimed six aircraft destroyed on the ground. At the beginning of October 1941, I./JG 3 was withdrawn to Germany for rest and refit after which it was relocated to the German and Dutch coastal region. On 15 January 1942, I./JG 3 was redesignated II./JG 1. Rohwer commanded the Stabskompanie and, from 20 March, 6./JG 1. On 20 June 1942, Oberleutnant Rohwer was appointed acting Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 1. He relinquished command to Hauptmann Robert Kijewski (24 victories, DK, killed in action 16 April 1943) on 14 October 1942. Rohwer was appointed Staffelkapitän of 2./JG 3, based on the Eastern front, on 14 October 1942. He was badly wounded by flak during a low-level attack near Chir on 29 November. He managed to bring his Bf 109 G-2/R1 (W.Nr. 13 910) to friendly territory where he landed safely. His recovery period was a lengthy one for he did not return to his unit until August 1943, by which time it had relocated to the Western front on Reichsverteidigung duties. On 5 December 1943, Rohwer was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 3. Rohwer engaged USAAF B-17 four-engine bombers on 29 March 1944. His Bf 109 G-6 (W.Nr. 440 295) “Black << +” was hit by return fire from the bombers necessitating a belly-landing at Mettingen. No sooner had he put his aircraft on the ground than a USAAF P-38 twin-engine fighter strafed him and he suffered severe wounds. He was hospitalised at Ibbenbüren where he had a leg amputated. Unfortunately, he succumbed to his wounds on 30 March.
    Detlev Rohwer was credited with 38 victories. He recorded 26 victories over the Eastern front.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location
1
6.6.1940
-
Blenheim I./JG 3 St Valéry-Abbeville
2
15.9.1940
-
Hurricane I./JG 3 London area
3
15.9.1940
-
Hurricane I./JG 3 N London
4
9.10.1940
-
Hurricane I./JG 3 S London
5
25.6.1941
15:05
I-153 I./JG 3 20km NE Dubno
6
26.6.1941
6:15
Il-4 I./JG 3 NE Brody
7
26.6.1941
14:20
SB-2 I./JG 3 Szczurowcze
8
26.6.1941
14:20
SB-2 I./JG 3 Szczurowcze
9
29.6.1941
18:05
Pe-2 I./JG 3 30km S Ostrow
10
29.6.1941
18:10
Pe-2 I./JG 3 10km SSE Ostrow
11
2.7.1941
9:50
V-11 I./JG 3 15km SE Zwiatel
12
6.7.1941
15:40
SB-2 I./JG 3 SE Shepetovka
13
6.7.1941
15:45
Il-4 I./JG 3 SE Shepetovka
14
13.7.1941
16:15
SB-2 I./JG 3 20km E Berdichev
15
13.7.1941
16:16
SB-2 I./JG 3 20km E Berdichev
16
13.7.1941
16:19
SB-2 I./JG 3 10km S Oschadowka
17
16.7.1941
15:25
SB-2bis I./JG 3 10km E Berdichev
18
16.7.1941
15:28
SB-2bis I./JG 3 10km E Berdichev
19
16.7.1941
15:30
SB-2bis I./JG 3 10km E Berdichev
20
31.7.1941
17:05
I-16 I./JG 3 15km W Tscherkassy
21
11.8.1941
6:46
SB-2 I./JG 3 6km W Borispol
22
12.8.1941
-
I-16 I./JG 3 Kiev
23
14.8.1941
13:00
I-16 I./JG 3 SE Kanev
24
15.8.1941
17:50
I-153 I./JG 3 N Kanev
25
16.8.1941
10:02
DB-3 I./JG 3 E Kanev
26
16.8.1941
10:05
Il-4 I./JG 3 E Kanev
27
16.8.1941
10:08
Il-4 I./JG 3 E Kanev
28
7.9.1941
13:10
R-10 I./JG 3 SE Krementschug
29
?
-
E/a ?  
30
20.5.1943
12:58
P-47 2./JG 3 2211
31
8.10.1943
15:00
P-47 2./JG 3 Havelte
32
14.10.1943
14:08
P-47 2./JG 3 Rosendaal
33
24.10.1943
12:20
B-26 2./JG 3 Auxi-le-Château
34
?
-
E/a 2./JG 3  
35
?
-
E/a 2./JG 3  
36
10.2.1944
-
P-47 II./JG 3  
37
6.3.1944
14:20
P-38 II./JG 3 10km W Wittenberge
38
8.3.1944
15:12
P-38 II./JG 3 Hannover
 
Victories : 38
Awards : Ritterkreuz (5 October 1941)
Units : JG 3, JG 1
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