Gustav Rödel
Oberst

Gustav Rödel

    Gustav Rödel was born on 24 October 1915 at Merseburg in Sachsen. He joined the Luftwaffe with the rank of Fahnenjunker in 1936 and underwent fighter pilot training. Rödel participated in the Spanish Civil War with the Condor Legion serving with J 88. He was awarded the Spanienkreuz in Bronze with Schwertern for his achievements there. On 15 July 1939, Rödel joined JG 21. Leutnant Rödel was assigned to 2./JG 21. He participated in the invasion of Poland gaining his first victory, a Polish P.24 fighter shot down near Warschau, on 1 September. However, on 7 September, he was forced down during a ground-strafing mission. It is unclear whether this was as a result of ground fire or mechanical failure. Fortunately, he was able to bring his machine back almost to the border and managed to avoid detection and returned to his unit the next day. Rödel transferred to the Geschwaderstab of JG 27 on 24 November 1939. He participated in the French campaign gaining a further three victories. In July 1940, Rödel was transferred to 4./JG 27. On 7 September, Rödel was appointed Staffelkapitän of 4./JG 27. By the end of September, he had recorded 14 victories, the majority of these falling in the aerial battles over England. II./JG 27 participated in the invasion of the Balkans. Rödel recorded six victories in the aerial battles over Greece, including three Greek fighters shot down on 15 April 1941 and three RAF Hurricane fighters shot down on 20 April. Oberleutnant Rödel was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 22 June for 20 victories. Following the successful conclusion of the Balkan campaign, Rödel and 4./JG 27 participated in the invasion of Russia. Rödel claimed a Russian SB-3 twin-engine bomber shot down on 25 June 1941 for his 21st victory. Shortly afterwards 4./JG 27 were transferred to North Africa. Here, Rödel claimed his 30th victory on 4 December 1941, when he shot down a South African P-40 fighter near Bir el Gobi. On 20 May 1942, Rödel was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 27. He recorded his 40th victory on 23 May, when he shot down another P-40 fighter near Ras el Tin. On 21 July, he claimed four Hurricanes shot down to record his 48th through 51st victories. He claimed three P-39 fighters shot down in the El Alamein area on 9 October (58-60). However, he had mis-identified his victims which were, in all probability, RAF P-40 fighters. In October 1942, Rödel claimed 15 victories, including three RAF P-40 fighters shot down on 24 October (64-66) and three fighters shot down on 27 October (67-69). On 1 November he claimed his 73rd victory, his last in North Africa. Rödel was appointed Kommodore of JG 27 on 22 April 1943. He saw combat over Sicily and Greece in May. On 22 May, he shot down three enemy aircraft (76-78). Major Rödel was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr 255) on 20 June 1943. He recorded his 80th victory on 4 October and his 83rd on 10 October. Relocated to Germany and Reichsverteidigung duties, Rödel raised his victory total to 93, including many USAAF four-engine bombers. In June 1944, he led JG 27 over the Invasion front. On 29 June, he claimed three USAAF P-47 fighters shot down (95-97). On 5 July, he claimed his 98th, and last, victory a USAAF P-38 twin-engine fighter shot down near Angleure. In December 1944, Rödel was involved in the planning of Operation Bodenplatte. From the beginning of January 1945, he was serving on the staff of 2. Jagddivision, becoming Kommandeur on 1 February, a position he held until the end of the war. Post-war, Rödel joined the Bundesluftwaffe, retiring with the rank of Generalmajor. He died on 6 February 1995, aged 80.
    Gustav Rödel was credited with 98 victories in 980 missions. He recorded one victory over the Eastern front. Of his 97 victories recorded over the Western front, 12 were four-engine bombers.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location / Comments
1
1.9.1939
17:08
PZL P.24 2./JG 21 Warschau area
2
12.5.1940
10:15
Hurricane Stab/JG 27 15km S Luttich
3
2.6.1940
9:14
Spitfire Stab/JG 27 W Dunkirk
4
7.6.1940
10:50
Potez 63 Stab/JG 27 NW Dunkirk
5
11.8.1940
10:40
Spitfire 4./JG 27 N Cap de la Hague
6
30.8.1940
12:28
Spitfire 4./JG 27 N Redhill
7
1.9.1940
15:05
Spitfire 4./JG 27 Ashford
8
1.9.1940
15:30
Spitfire 4./JG 27 Folkestone
9
3.9.1940
11:20
Spitfire 4./JG 27 Southend
10
3.9.1940
11:50
Hurricane 4./JG 27 Southend
11
6.9.1940
10:05
Spitfire 4./JG 27 Tunbridge Wells
-
6.9.1940
-
Spitfire 4./JG 27 not confirmed
-
6.9.1940
-
Spitfire 4./JG 27 not confirmed
12
11.9.1940
16:32
Spitfire 4./JG 27 Elham
13
27.9.1940
13:05
Hurricane 4./JG 27 Milton Regis
14
27.9.1940
16:18
Hurricane 4./JG 27 E London
-
13.10.1940
-
Spitfire 4./JG 27 not confirmed
15
15.4.1941
6:50
Hurricane 4./JG 27 W Trikkala / Bloch 151 of 24 Mira, EVA flown by Cpl George Mokkas, killed
16
15.4.1941
6:55
PZL P-24 4./JG 27 W Trikkala / Gladiator of 21 Mira, EVA
17
15.4.1941
7:05
PZL P-24 4./JG 27 10km NE Trikkala / P.24G of 22 Mira, EVA
18
20.4.1941
16:57
Hurricane 4./JG 27 Megara / Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
19
20.4.1941
17:01
Hurricane 4./JG 27 Migalo / Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
20
20.4.1941
17:08
Hurricane 4./JG 27 Migalo / Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
21
25.6.1941
16:40
SB-3 4./JG 27 Wilna
22
3.10.1941
15:55
Hurricane 4./JG 27 SW Sidi Barrani / Tomahawk of 112 Sqn, RAF
23
10.10.1941
9:10
P-40 4./JG 27 SE Sidi Omar / Tomahawk of 2 Sqn, SAAF
24
10.10.1941
9:20
Hurricane 4./JG 27 SE Sidi Omar
25
22.11.1941
14:05
Blenheim 4./JG 27 80km SE Gazala / Blenheim of 11 Sqn, RAF
26
22.11.1941
16:40
P-40 4./JG 27 SE Bir Hacheim
27
25.11.1941
15:55
Hurricane 4./JG 27 N Tobruk
28
25.11.1941
15:57
P-40 4./JG 27 N Tobruk
29
1.12.1941
12:40
Hurricane 4./JG 27 SW El Adem / Hurricane of 1 Sqn, SAAF or 274 Sqn, RAF
30
4.12.1941
10:18
P-40 4./JG 27 NE Bir el Gobi / Hurricane of 1 Sqn, SAAF flown by 2/Lt Meek
31
5.12.1941
11:55
P-40 4./JG 27 NW Bir el Gobi / Tomahawk of 250 or 112 Sqn, RAF
32
6.12.1941
11:55
Beaufighter 4./JG 27 Tobruk / Beaufighter of 272 Sqn, RAF flown by P/O Snow
33
4.1.1942
8:40
Hurricane 4./JG 27 20km SE Agedabia
34
27.3.1942
17:24
P-40 4./JG 27 SW Ain el Gazala / Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF
35
27.3.1942
17:10
P-40 4./JG 27 Tobruk / Hurricane of 80 Sqn, RAF / not confirmed
36
6.4.1942
8:23
P-40 4./JG 27 Tmimi-Martuba
37
7.4.1942
15:43
P-40 4./JG 27 N Mtfeil Chebir / Kittyhawk of 450 Sqn, RAF
38
9.4.1942
14:25
P-40 4./JG 27 30km SW Mtfeil Chabir / Tomahawk of 40 Sqn, SAAF flown by Lt Gouws
39
25.4.1942
9:55
P-40 4./JG 27 6km N Ain el Gazala
40
23.5.1942
9:40
P-40 II./JG 27 10km N Ras el Tin / Hurricane of 33 Sqn, RAF flown by F/Lt Wade
41
23.5.1942
9:47
P-40 II./JG 27 40km NE Ras el Tin
42
4.6.1942
8:15
P-40 II./JG 27 3km SE Bir Hacheim / Tomahawk of 4 Sqn, SAAF
43
10.7.1942
10:32
Spitfire II./JG 27 6km SW El Alamein
44
10.7.1942
10:37
P-40 II./JG 27 NE Miteiriga
45
10.7.1942
10:40
P-40 II./JG 27 1km S Murmin Busak
46
19.7.1942
9:13
Hurricane II./JG 27 Chebel el Gabir / Hurricane of 238 Sqn, RAF
47
19.7.1942
9:17
Hurricane II./JG 27 Bir Gabatte / Hurricane of 238 Sqn, RAF
48
21.7.1942
18:10
Hurricane II./JG 27 SSW Alamein
49
21.7.1942
18:12
Hurricane II./JG 27 SSW Alamein
50
21.7.1942
18:12
Hurricane II./JG 27 NE El Daba
51
21.7.1942
18:20
Hurricane II./JG 27 4km NE El Taqua
52
31.8.1942
18:29
Spitfire II./JG 27 15km SSE El Alamein
53
1.9.1942
7:01
P-40 II./JG 27 Kittyhawk of 450 Sqn, RAF
54
3.9.1942
10:20
P-40 II./JG 27 Deir el Raghil
55
5.9.1942
10:53
P-40 II./JG 27 SSW El Alamein
56
5.9.1942
10:57
P-40 II./JG 27 SSW El Alamein
57
5.9.1942
11:00
P-40 II./JG 27 SSW El Alamein
58
9.10.1942
9:23
P-39 II./JG 27 N Turbiya
59
9.10.1942
9:27
P-39 II./JG 27 NNE El Daba
60
9.10.1942
9:35
P-39 II./JG 27 25km NW Sanyet Quotaifiya
61
13.10.1942
9:39
P-39 II./JG 27 SSW El Alamein / Kittyhawk of 4 Sqn, SAAF
62
22.10.1942
10:45
B-25 II./JG 27 SW El Alamein / B-25 of 12 BG, USAAF
63
24.10.1942
9:43
P-40 II./JG 27 SW El Alamein
64
24.10.1942
9:45
P-40 II./JG 27 WSW El Alamein
65
24.10.1942
9:50
P-40 II./JG 27 W El Alamein
66
26.10.1942
16:08
P-40 II./JG 27 SW Sanyet Quotaifiya / Kittyhawk of 260 Sqn, RAF flown by Sgt Rattle
67
27.10.1942
9:23
Spitfire II./JG 27 SSW El Hammam
68
27.10.1942
9:42
P-40 II./JG 27 SSW El Alamein
69
27.10.1942
15:05
P-39 II./JG 27 N El Daba
70
29.10.1942
9:05
P-40 II./JG 27 Deir el Bein
71
31.10.1942
9:52
P-40 II./JG 27 SW Sanyet Quotaifiya
72
31.10.1942
9:55
P-40 II./JG 27 SW Sanyet Quotaifiya
73
1.11.1942
7:05
Spitfire II./JG 27 S Sidi el Rahman
74
18.5.1943
13:44
B-17 Stab/JG 27 NE Marettimo
75
18.5.1943
13:53
P-38 Stab/JG 27 NE Trapani
76
22.5.1943
16:17
B-17 Stab/JG 27 10km SE Marettimo
77
22.5.1943
16:22
P-38 Stab/JG 27 10km SE Marettimo
78
22.5.1943
16:25
P-38 Stab/JG 27 SW Marettimo
79
2.7.1943
-
Beaufighter Stab/JG 27 NW Melos
80
4.10.1943
12:20
B-24 Stab/JG 27 SW Kos
81
8.10.1943
13:48
B-25 Stab/JG 27 20km S Levahdia
82
8.10.1943
14:00
P-38 Stab/JG 27 N Patras
83
10.10.1943
12:50
B-17 HSS Stab/JG 27 Lamia
84
19.3.1944
13:44
B-24 Stab/JG 27 SE Graz
85
19.3.1944
14:08
B-24 Stab/JG 27 15km SSW Graz
86
2.4.1944
10:45
P-47 Stab/JG 27 NW Graz
87
3.4.1944
10:42
B-17 Stab/JG 27 15km SSW Budapest
88
12.4.1944
12:03
B-17 Stab/JG 27 Wiener Neustadt
89
13.4.1944
11:48
B-17 Stab/JG 27 3km S Raab
90
12.5.1944
12:37
B-17 Stab/JG 27 E Aschaffenburg
91
12.5.1944
12:47
B-17 Stab/JG 27 E Aschaffenburg
92
19.5.1944
13:20
P-51 Stab/JG 27 NW Magdeburg
93
19.5.1944
13:20
P-51 Stab/JG 27 W Haldensleben
94
29.5.1944
10:15
B-24 Stab/JG 27 Sankt-Pölten
95
29.6.1944
11:50
P-47 Stab/JG 27 Évreux-Gaillon
96
29.6.1944
11:55
P-47 Stab/JG 27 Louviers-Évreux
97
29.6.1944
11:57
P-47 Stab/JG 27 Louviers-Évreux
98
5.7.1944
21:05
P-38 Stab/JG 27 Angleure

Victories : 98
Awards : Ehrenpokal (14 December 1940)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold (16 July 1942)
                Ritterkreuz (22 June 1941)
                Eichenlaub (20 June 1943)
Units : J/88, JG 21, JG 27

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