Viktor Petermann
Oberleutnant
 
Viktor Petermann
 
    Viktor Petermann was born on 26 May 1916 at Weipert in the Kaaden region of Sudetenland. He was active flying gliders pre war. He also studied engineering and, on qualifying, worked in a large textile factory. Petermann joined the Luftwaffe on 30 July 1939 and was posted to Fliegerausbildungregiment 53, based at Straubing in East Prussia. Following six months basic military training and two further months studying general aeronautical subjects, he began flying training. Between April 1940 and March 1941, he attended flying schools at Halberstadt, Bromberg and Jüterbog. On 1 April 1941, Petermann was transferred to Jagdfliegerschule 3, based at Märkisch. A few weeks later, he was transferred to Jagdgruppe Drontheim for operational training. In October 1941, he transferred to 2./Ergänzungsgruppe /JG 52. Petermann was posted to JG 52, based on the Eastern front, on 15 June 1942. Unteroffizier Petermann was assigned to the Geschwaderstaffel of JG 52. He flew 22 combat missions before claiming his first victory on 1 July, when he shot down a Russian LaGG-3 fighter near Wolokonovka. Petermann then spent a period flying as wingman to Geschwaderkommodore, Major Herbert Ihlefeld (132 victories, RK-EL) and the Geschwaderkommodore of JG 77, Major Gordon Gollob (150 victories, RK-Br). On 15 August, Petermann rammed a Russian I-153 biplane fighter in aerial combat but managed to bring his damaged aircraft 100 kilometers before belly-landing back at his base at Mineralyje Wody. By the end of 1942, Petermann had six victories to his credit. By early March 1943, Feldwebel Petermann was serving with 5./JG 52. He recorded 18 victories in May, including his 30th victory on 4 May and his 40th victory on 27 May. On an early morning mission on 6 June, he shared in the sinking of a Russian gunboat and forced a second to run aground. That afternoon, accompanied by Unteroffizier Peter Düttmann (152 victories, RK), Petermann flew a mission over the northern front of the Kuban bridgehead in support of army troops. In aerial combat with Russian aircraft his Bf 109 G-4 (W.Nr. 19257) was hit in the oil cooler and he was forced to belly-land behind Russian lines. He successfully evaded capture and returned to his unit three days later. Admitted to hospital with exposure, dehydration and exhaustion, he was finally released on 20 July but not before receiving a promotion to the rank of Leutnant on 1 July. He also received the Deutsches Kreuz in Gold on 16 July. Petermann claimed his 50th victory shot down on 26 July. On 10 September 1943, Petermann was transferred to 6./JG 52. His most successful day occurred on 25 September, when he shot down a Russian Yak-1 fighter and three Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft in a 23 minute engagement to record his 57th through 59th victories. On 1 October, Petermann participated in the escort of 40 He 111 twin-engine bombers. On the return journey his Bf 109 G-6 (W.Nr. 15851) received a direct hit from German flak. He received severe wounds to his left arm and wrist and his left foot. With his engine on fire, he decided to bale out but found his parachute had also been damaged. He managed a belly-landing in no-man’s land between the front lines where he was rescued by German troops and hospitalised. However the wounds to left arm were so severe that amputation was necessary. In addition he had lost the fourth toe of his left foot. Petermann was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 29 February 1944, for 60 victories, while recovering in hospital. From 15 May 1944, Petermann served in a staff role with the Reichsluftfahrtministerium. However, he persisted with the authorities to allow him to return to flying duties, finally succeeding on 22 July. He was posted to the Stabsstaffel of III./JG 52, where he flew a Bf 109 for the first time since his wounding on 24 September, complete with an artificial left arm. On 7 January 1945, Petermann transferred to 10./JG 52. During March, he claimed four victories. Petermann transferred to JG 7 on 30 March 1945 and retrained on the Me 262 jet fighter. However, he returned to 10./ JG 52, based at Schweidnitz, on 11 April. Petermann received promotion to the rank of Oberleutnant on 1 May. He flew his last mission of the war on 5 May. On 8 May, Petermann was captured by American troops at Deutsch Brod in Czechoslovakia. The next day he was handed to the Russians. He was released after three months in captivity on 26 July 1945, due to the severity of his wounds. Petermann became a farm labourer in the former East Germany. From 1954, he worked as an engineer becoming technical adviser to the largest producer of farm machinery in East Germany. On retirement, Petermann resided in Freiburg before passing away on 19 May 2001.
    Victor Petermann was credited with 64 missions in 550 missions. In addition he recorded six unconfirmed victories. All his victories were recorded over the Eastern front.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location
1
1.7.1942
14:55
LaGG-3 Stab/JG 52 Wolokonovka
2
2.7.1942
9:25
MiG-1 Stab/JG 52 Wolokonovka
3
15.8.1942
6:45
I-153 Stab/JG 52 Karagatsch
4
24.8.1942
17:05
1-mot. Flzg. Stab/JG 52 Caucasus area
5
25.8.1942
15:20
Boston Stab/JG 52 Caucasus area
6
7.9.1942
12:17
Boston Stab/JG 52 Terek front
7
17.9.1942
14:27
Su-2 Stab/JG 52 Terek front
8
29.9.1942
15:48
MiG-1 Stab/JG 52 Terek front
9
6.10.1942
15:04
LaGG-3 Stab/JG 52 44 432
10
11.3.1943
11:40
I-16 5./JG 52 Kuban area
11
12.2.1943
14:38
I-153 5./JG 52 Kuban area
12
13.2.1943
11:37
I-153 5./JG 52 Kuban area
13
1.3.1943
9:40
R-5 5./JG 52 Kuban area
14
19.3.1943
9:30
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
15
18.4.1943
16:20
Il-2 5./JG 52 Kuban area
16
20.4.1943
8:40
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
17
20.4.1943
15:31
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
18
21.4.1943
7:10
La-5 5./JG 52 Kuban area
19
23.4.1943
5:02
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
20
23.4.1943
5:08
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
21
25.4.1943
12:36
R-5 5./JG 52 Kuban area
22
25.4.1943
12:39
R-5 5./JG 52 Kunam area
23
27.4.1943
17:05
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
24
28.4.1943
11:48
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
25
29.4.1943
13:15
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
26
30.4.1943
16:39
Spitfire 5./JG 52 Kuban area
27
2.5.1943
8:52
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 5km SW Abinskaya
28
3.5.1943
6:07
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
29
3.5.1943
6:34
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
30
4.5.1943
14:58
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
31
4.5.1943
15:18
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
32
5.5.1943
9:22
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
33
5.5.1943
13:32
La-5 5./JG 52 Kuban area
34
5.5.1943
17:32
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
35
6.5.1943
16:07
Yak-4 5./JG 52 Kuban area
36
8.5.1943
17:58
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
37
9.5.1943
18:22
LaGG-3 5./JG 52 Kuban area
38
22.5.1943
6:15
R-5 5./JG 52 Kuban area
39
26.5.1943
18:30
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
40
27.5.1943
14:10
P-39 5./JG 52 Kuban area
41
28.5.1943
10:51
P-39 5./JG 52 Kuban area
42
28.5.1943
13:21
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
43
31.5.1943
8:00
Yak-1 5./JG 52 Kuban area
44
31.5.1943
14:07
Pe-2 5./JG 52 Kuban area
45
1.6.1943
18:18
Yak-1 5./JG 52  
46
2.6.1943
10:45
P-39 5./JG 52  
47
4.6.1943
18:17
LaGG-3 5./JG 52  
48
4.6.1943
18:21
LaGG-3 5./JG 52  
49
23.7.1943
17:34
Il-2 5./JG 52  
50
26.7.1943
6:18
Il-2 5./JG 52 Blagowetschenskoje
51
26.7.1943
6:25
Il-2 5./JG 52 15km SE Anapa
52
26.7.1943
18:20
Il-2 5./JG 52  
53
31.7.1943
18:20
P-39 5./JG 52  
54
7.9.1943
17:12
Pe-2 5./JG 52  
55
14.9.1943
6:17
Yak-1 6./JG 52  
56
25.9.1943
11:57
Yak-1 6./JG 52 Perejaslav
57
25.9.1943
12:09
Il-2 6./JG 52 Perejaslav
58
25.9.1943
12:12
Il-2 6./JG 52 Perejaslav
59
25.9.1943
12:19
Il-2 6./JG 52 Perejaslav
60
26.9.1943
7:32
P-40 6./JG 52  
61
16.1.1945
12:06
Yak-9 10./JG 52  
62
11.2.1945
12:50
Yak-9 10./JG 52  
63
16.3.1945
17:08
P-39 10./JG 52 NE Münsterberg
64
22.3.1945
15:46
Yak-9 10./JG 52 W Schadeburg
 
Victories : 64
Awards : Ehrenpokal (9 September 1943)
                Deutsches Kreuz in Gold  (23 July 1943)
                Ritterkreuz (29 February 1944)
Units : JG 52, JG 7
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