Battle over Dieppe
On 19th August 1942

Dieppe from 10 000 ft.

    The ill-fated Allied landing at Dieppe on 19 August 1942 was intended as a reconnaisance in force to learn the techniques required to breach Hitler’s Atlantic Wall.The air operations in conjunction with Operation Jubilee resulted in some of the fiercest air battles of the war. The RAF saw the operation as an opportunity to force the Luftwaffe to do battle on their terms. To that effect, the RAF committed 49 fighter squadrons: four Spitfire IX, 42 Spitfire V, and three Typhoon. Additionally there were eight squadrons of Hurricane fighter-bombers, four squadrons of reconnaisance Mustangs and seven squadrons of Blenheim and Boston light bombers.

    Opposing this force were the experienced Jagdgeschwader JG 2 and JG 26. Each were equipped with approximately 115 fighters. About 220 bomber aircraft were operating from bases in northern France and The Netherlands. The German fighters would, therefore, be outnumbered by about three to one.

    The Allies fighter performance on the day was hailed as a great victory in stark contrast to the humiliating losses of the army and the not inconsiderable losses of the navy. The RAF’s victory claims amounted to 47 destroyed, 27 probable and 76 damaged Fw 190s, 3-1-2 Bf 109s, 33-8-46 Do 217s, 8-3-11 Ju 88s and 5-0-0 He 111s. The Allied losses amounted to 71 pilots and 10 aircrew killed or missing, and 106 aircraft, including 88 fighter aircraft.

    Actual Luftwaffe losses, however, were actually considerably less at 48 aircraft. Twenty-three fighters were lost, 16 from JG 2 and seven from JG 26. Fourteen pilots were killed, eight from JG 2 and six from JG 26.

Luftwaffe fighter losses:
 
 

Jagdgeschwader 26 "Schlageter"

Time

Rank

Last Name

First Name

Unit

Aircraft

W.Nr.

Markings

Place

Cause / casualty / damage

11:20

Ofw. Czwilinski Paul 2./JG 26 Fw 190 A-2

5396

Black 10 Dieppe harbor Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot killed, 100 %

-

Oblt. Winkelmann Stab II./JG 26 Fw 190 A-3

2557

<< Landing gear. Pilot unhurt.

11:00

Uffz. Rieder Hans 5./JG 26 Fw 190 A-2

2120

Black 9 Dieppe / St Valéry Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot killed, 100 %

-

Ofw. Gerhardt Werner 5./JG 26 Fw 190 A-3

0538

Black 3 Dieppe area MIA, probably combat with enemy fighters, 100 %

15:00

Fw. Golub August 9./JG 26 Fw 190 A-2

5298

Yellow 6 in sea, 15km NW Dieppe Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot killed, 100 %

-

Uffz. Berg Heinrich von 10./JG 26 Fw 190 A-3/U3

2240

4km N Hesdin Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot killed, 100 %

-

Oblt. Schmidt Johannes 11./JG 26 Bf 109 G-1

14058

10km N Dieppe Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot killed, 100 %

Jagdgeschwader 2 "Richthofen"

Time

Rank

Last Name

First Name

Unit

Aircraft

W.Nr.

Markings

Place

Cause / casualty / damage

-

Oblt. Leie Erich Stab I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

0326

near Abbeville Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot baled-out: injured, 100 %

-

Lt. Böhm Reinhardt 2./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

0341

Black 9 MIA, probably combat with enemy fighters, 100 %

-

Uffz. Brietz Günther I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

2186

in sea, off Dieppe KIA Crashed after being hit by enemy flak, 100 %

-

Uffz. Epsiger Kurt I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

7015

MIA, probably combat with enemy fighters, 100 %

-

Uffz. Röbbers Rudi I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

0208

near Dieppe Emergency landing after combat with enemy fighters. Pilot injured, 65 %

-

Fw. Schweikart Karl I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

0320

in sea, off Dieppe MIA, probably combat with enemy fighters, 100 %

-

unknown I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

0479

near Dieppe Emergency landing after combat with enemy fighters, 65 %

-

unknown I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

0545

near Dieppe Emergency landing after combat with enemy fighters. Pilot unhurt, 65 %

-

unknown I./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

0231

  near Dieppe Emergency landing after combat with enemy fighters. Pilot baled-out, unhurt, 100 %

-

Gefr. Eimer Siegfried 4./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

0226

White 12 MIA, failed to return from sortie. Location and cause unknown. Body found 10.10.42, 100 %

-

Lt. Spinner Ludwig 4./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

5527

near Rouen Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot baled-out: injured, 100 %

-

Uffz. Geguns Günther 6./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

5216

Yellow 2 near Dieppe MIA, combat with enemy fighters, 100 %

-

Lt. Sommer Franz 6./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

5223

Yellow 11 MIA, combat with enemy fighters, 100 %

-

unknown II./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

5518

Beauville Crashed-landing after engine failure, 20 %

-

Uffz. Urban Werner II./JG 2 Fw 190 A-3

5529

Le Havre / Octeville airfield Emergency landing damaged by enemy MG fire. Pilot wounded, 20 % 

-

Uffz. Günther Wilhelm III./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

2071

near Beauville Emergency landing after combat with enemy fighters. Pilot wounded, 30 %

-

Fw. Pfeffer Heinz 9./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

5270

near Petiot Combat with enemy fighters. Pilot baled-out (probably): injured, 100 %

-

unknown 10./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

5299

Caen / Carpiquet airfield Undercarriage collapsed on landing, 30 %

-

unknown 10./JG 2 Fw 190 A-2

0272

near Paluel Emergency landing due flak damage from British cruiser. Pilot unhurt, 30 %

-

Fw. Kley Erwin 11./JG 2 Bf 109 G-1

10311

Le Tréport airfield Aircraft over-turned on landing after combat. Pilot killed, 80 %

-

unknown 11./JG 2 Bf 109 G-1

10313

Monchy-Bréton airfield Emergency landing due to technical faults, 50 %

Luftwaffe fighter pilot claims amounted to 96, JG 2 pilots claiming about 60 victories and JG 26 about 38.

 

    Much debate has been afforded Operation Jubilee. The Allies claim the operation a success as a rehearsal for the D-Day landing in early June 1944. However, there is no doubt the Dieppe operation marked the beginning of the Allies supremacy in numerical strength for the remainder of the war.




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