Max Bucholz
Oberleutnant
 
Max Bucholz
 
   Max Bucholz was born on 3 November 1912 at Zerbst in Anhalt. At the outbreak of World War 2, Oberfeldwebel Bucholz was serving with 1./JG 3. On 17 May 1940, he claimed four RAF Blenheim twin-engine bombers and two French Curtiss fighters shot down as his first victories! During September 1940, Bucholz shot down three RAF fighters in the aerial battles over Britain. On 15 September, Bucholz was shot down over the Channel. He had participated as one of nine aircraft tasked with escorting He 111 twin-engine bombers to London. However, RAF Spitfire fighters intercepted the formation en-route. In the ensuing aerial combat, Bucholz’s Bf 109 E-1 (W.Nr. 1563) was hit in the radiators and forced him to come down in the Channel. Fortunately, a colleague was able to guide an air-sea rescue aircraft, which was flying nearby, to the scene to rescue Bucholz. By the conclusion of the Battle of Britain, Bucholz’s victory total stood at nine. At the beginning of 1941, Leutnant Bucholz joined the Stabsstaffel of I./JG 3. He participated in the invasion of Russia where he quickly gained a further 18 victories, including four enemy aircraft shot down on 29 June and five on 13 July. On 9 July, Bucholz crash-landed Bf 109 F-2 (W.Nr. 8962) at Polonnoye on returning from a mission. His aircraft had received hits, which had damaged the undercarriage locking mechanism, and the lowered undercarriage had folded up on contact with ground. Fortunately Bucholz escaped injury. On 15 July 1941, Oberleutnant Bucholz was appointed Staffelkapitän of 2./JG 3. He replaced Oberleutnant Helmut Meckel (25 victories, RK, killed in action 8 May 1943) who had been relieved of his command due to illness. Bucholz was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 12 August for 27 victories achieved in 160 missions. I./JG 3 was withdrawn to Germany at the beginning of October 1941 for rest and refit. Having re-equipped with Bf 109 F-4 fighters I./JG 3 was relocated to Holland on defensive duties where, on 6 January 1942, it became II./JG 1. Oberleutnant Bucholz retained command of 3./JG 3 as 5./JG 1. On 12 February, Bucholz recorded his 28th, and last, victory when he shot down a RAF Blenheim twin-engine bomber during the defensive actions surrounding Operation Donnerkeil, the “Channel Dash” of the German navy’s battlecruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen. From mid-1942 to the end of the war, Bucholz was to hold staff positions with I./JG 106 and I./JG 102.
    Max Bucholz was credited with 28 victories, although other sources indicate his score could be as high as 30. He recorded 18 victories over the Eastern Front.
 
No
Date
Time
A/c Type
Unit
Location / Comments
1.
17.5.1940
08:20~
Blenheim 1./JG 3 W St Quentin
2.
17.5.1940
08:20~
Blenheim 1./JG 3 W St Quentin
3.
17.5.1940
08:20~
Blenheim 1./JG 3 W St Quentin
4.
17.5.1940
08:20~
Blenheim 1./JG 3 W St Quentin
5.
17.5.1940
12:30
Hawk 75A 1./JG 3 S St Quentin
6.
17.5.1940
19:15
Hawk 75A 1./JG 3 N Cambrai
7.
2.9.1940
-
Hurricane 1./JG 3 Maidstone
8.
7.9.1940
-
Morane 1./JG 3 Rochester
9.
7.9.1940
-
Morane 1./JG 3 Rochester
10.
26.6.1941
9:45
SB-2 Stab I./JG 3 NW Brody
11.
29.6.1941
12:20
I-153 Stab I./JG 3 NNW Krzemienec
12.
29.6.1941
12:22
I-153 Stab I./JG 3 W Krzemienec
13.
29.6.1941
12:26
I-153 Stab I./JG 3 SW Krzemienec
14.
29.6.1941
18:05
I-153 Stab I./JG 3 10km N Zaslow
15.
2.7.1941
10:00
DJ-6 Stab I./JG 3 30km SE Ostrow
16.
5.7.1941
11:50
Pe-2 Stab I./JG 3 NW Gudnow
17.
6.7.1941
15:40
Il-4 Stab I./JG 3 S Polonnoye
18.
10.7.1941
15:10
I-16 Stab I./JG 3 10km S Kurin
19.
10.7.1941
15:15
SB-2 Stab I./JG 3 4km S Barbolok
20.
11.7.1941
13:20
Il-4 Stab I./JG 3 15km SW Berdichev
21.
12.7.1941
14:50
I-17 Stab I./JG 3 15km E Shitomir
22.
12.7.1941
14:55
I-17 Stab I./JG 3 15km E Shitomir
23.
13.7.1941
16:15
I-153 Stab I./JG 3 20km E Berdichev
24.
13.7.1941
16:17
I-153 Stab I./JG 3 E Berdichev
25.
13.7.1941
16:20
I-16 Stab I./JG 3 S Oschadowska
26.
13.7.1941
16:23
SB-2 Stab I./JG 3 N Pikow
27.
13.7.1941
16:25
SB-2 Stab I./JG 3 Pikow
28.
12.2.1942
16:45
Blenheim 5./JG 1 90km W Texel
 
Victories : 28
Awards : Ritterkreuz (12 August 1941)
Units : JG 3, JG 1, JG 106, JG 102
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